The full modernization of Armenia’s sewage and waste water sanitation systems, including the construction of new stations, will cost some $2.5 billion, the country’s nature protection minister Artsvik Minasyan said today when presenting a string of amendments to the Water Code. He said with the current price of water supply and waste water removal about $100 million should be channeled into the modernization of the drainage system until the 2030. However, as the minister noted, these funds are not enough to solve the problem, and therefore the government provides for legislative changes, according to which all communities across the country should be provided with accessible water drainage services by 2030.
“The financial burden for the implementation of the program will be borne by private investors and charitable organizations. In particular, the communities, will have to attract private investments and donor organizations to solve the issue,” Minasyan said. “For example, if several organizations unite and build their own waste water treatment plant, they will be exempted from paying for drainage,” the Minister said. The Minister also said that with the assistance of international donors, several pilot projects envisaging the construction of waste water purification stations are to be carried out in the Lake Sevan area.
According to Minasyan, this approach does not envisage the rise in the drainage tariff, moreover, it will create a competitive environment and, as a result, the possibility of reducing water tariffs. “All over the world, used water is considered as a resource that can contain certain useful elements after a treatment. To do this, after the adoption of the law, certain norms will be approved that will provide for components and minimum indicators of purified water for reuse,” Mr. Minasyan said.
According to the nature protection ministry there are 18 licensed companies for providing drainage services, but many of them are engaged in other activities, and are forced to receive this type of license, because drainage service goes together with othe non-related services.